Horizontal branches give this plant its name. Brilliant red to purple … Occasional insect pests include scale, leaf miner, and borers. Once lumped under the genus Cornus with other dogwood species, this genus is now differentiated because its small flowers are distinct and do not cluster together to form a showy "pseudo flower" (pseudanthium). A truly special plant for northern landscapes, valued for its almost Only prune in early spring before the plant leafs out. It is usually a shrub, sometimes a small tree. A stunning accent shrub if there ever was one, with amazing golden-variegated foliage held on distinctive horizontally-tiered branches; white flowers in spring, blue berries in summer; quite fussy, needs a cool sheltered site, also prefers acidic soil It is rare in the southern United States. Yellowish-white flowers in … The foliage may turn reddish purple in the fall. Becomes small tree with pruning. Growth spreads horizontally bearing unique alternate leaves. Pagoda dogwood is used as an ornamental tree/shrub. Branches grow in irregular tiers forming a somewhat horizontal plant. Pagoda dogwood Pagoda dogwood is an excellent native plant for the four season garden. Pale yellow flowers in May turn into attractive blue-black fruits. It prefers an acidic pH. Alternate-leaved dogwood is the only dogwood in the genus that has alternate leaves. Flowering dogwood is native to the U.S. but not hardy in the north. When the cutting outgrows its pot, move it into a larger pot filled with regular potting soil. It is true that you may want to remove the lowest branches of the tree at some point in the future to allow more air circulation, light, and for your underplanted perennials to thrive. Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus Alternifolia) Pagoda dogwoods function more like a shrub in your garden than a tree. Pagoda dogwoods are large shrubs to small trees. These adaptable trees are most often found in moist forests, along streams and creek banks, as well as in open meadows. This large shrub/ medium tree grows to 15 to 25 feet and produces yellowish-white flowers in flattened clumps in late spring. This growth habit gives a unique look of layers to the … The Pagoda Dogwood is native to eastern North America with a range covering Newfoundland, southern Manitoba and Minnesota then south to northern Florida and Mississippi. Go to list of cultivars. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Our trees. Dogwood shrubs let you enjoy many of the characteristics of dogwood trees on a smaller scale. Well-established new plants can be transferred to the landscape in fall. The pagoda dogwood tree (Cornus alternifolia) is a shrub-like tree that grows to over 15 feet tall and features a crown just as wide. Leaves turn red in fall. Its elegant structure is complemented by a cloak of gloriously … And, their branches develop horizontally. It is true that you may want to remove the lowest … Pagoda Dogwood. Oval green leaves change to a wine color in autumn as well and make a great backdrop for other fall colored shrubs and perennials. Glossy green leaves turn attractive shades of red and purple in the fall. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. In Minnesota mature individuals are usually 8 ′ to 25 ′ tall, with a trunk up to 6 ″ in diameter, though large individuals may reach 30 ′ tall.. Pagoda dogwood is … Cut a 6-inch length of stem from the tip of a branch. 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. Best in part shade, protected from wind. Work compost into its soil to fertilize. Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia Description & Overview. An excellent landscape shrub, Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a deciduous shrub or small understory tree. It is rare in the southern United States. Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' features gray-green leaves edged in … May 6, 2019 - Explore Rhonda Weers's board "pagoda dogwood" on Pinterest. Fertilize every 2 weeks with diluted liquid fertilizer until the plant is growing well. Small, fragrant, yellowish-white flowers appear in flattened cymes in late spring. It prefers partial sun, a moist well-drained site, and a rich soil that is somewhat acidic. A spectacular specimen tree in the landscape, Cornus alternifolia (Pagoda Dogwood) is a small deciduous tree or large, multi-stemmed shrub with beautifully layered horizontal branches. This tree likes loamy soil that is relatively moist but well-drained. Pagoda Dogwood Space Requirements. See more ideas about Pagoda dogwood, Dogwood, Pagoda. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Many people think that these two plants have the same characteristics, but one can see Kousa Dogwood and Pagoda Dogwood Information and A wine-purple to brown bark with vertical tan lenticels. For best performance, plant pagoda dogwood in moderately moist but well-drained loam that has an acidic soil pH. According to the USDA Forest Service, various types of birds eat the berries of pagoda dogwood (including the ruffed grouse), as does the black bear. Plants reach 8 to 10 feet high and wide. Glossy green leaves turn attractive shades of red and … It can grow in dense shade and may form small colonies when its lower branches contact the ground … Golden Shadows™ Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia 'W. This will also help the soil retain water, as will an application of mulch. Cornus alternifolia is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland west to southern Manitoba and Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and Mississippi. Dogwoods are prone to leaf spot, twig and leaf blights, root rot, and canker. Clusters of bluish-black berries (drupes) and red peduncles (flower stalks);  ripens in July. This appeal to wildlife also extends to deer and rabbits, which can badly damage the bark and branches of dogwood. … Ornamental in four seasons, displaying flowers, foliage, form, fruit and fall color. Gold Bullion™ Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia 'Bachone'): Golden yellow foliage turns chartruse-yellow in the fall. Have tree and plant questions? From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Golden Shadows ® is a beautiful pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) noted for its distinctive color and elegant, horizontal habit. Cornus alternifolia is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland west to southern Manitoba and Minnesota, and south to northern Florida and Mississippi. The unique horizontal branching pattern has a distinct tiered habit, often catching snow in the winter. Pagoda dogwood should be watered weekly when there is no rain; it requires about 1 inch of soil per week. Our communities. Our future. Fragrant white flower clusters in spring are followed by dark blue berries on red stems. Pagoda Dogwood – Shrub Form. The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems. Located in the northeast two-thirds of the state. The pagoda dogwood is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 7. It is native to both moist and dry forests, forest margins, stream banks and fields from Newfoundland to Minnesota south to northern Arkansas and through the Appalachians to Georgia and Alabama. Clusters of … Both new leaves and fall foliage tend to take on reddish-purple, reddish-orange, or coppery coloration that is quite different from the color the plant has for the rest of the growing season. It is a deciduous shrub or tree that normally grows … It is a deciduous shrub or tree that normally grows 15-20 feet high, but has been recorded at 48 feet, with a diameter that can reach up to 8 inches. Clusters of white flowers show up in spring, dark green foliage turns a beautiful burgundy-red in fall, and blue-black berries attract many birds. Pagoda Dogwood is a common and widespread understory species of hardwood and mixed forests. Identification: This plant is deciduous, slow-growing, and short-lived. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Pagoda dogwood, alternate-leaved dogwood, green osier, 15 to 25 feet tall; 12- to 32-foot spread (several cultivars are smaller plants), Organically rich, medium-moisture, well-drained loam, 6 Varieties of Dogwood to Use In Your Landscape. Flowering dogwood, when stressed, is susceptible to a rather large number of disease problems, the most serious of which is dogwood anthracnose. Native to Wisconsin’s woodlands and forests, Pagoda Dogwood is an incredibly useful small tree or large shrub that provides … When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows,' with brightly-colored variegated leaves. Fill a small pot with rooting medium—either a commercial mixture or a make-your-own mixture of sand and perlite. Our native Pagoda Dogwood has a unique tiered growth pattern similar to a Japanese pagoda. When in the form of a shrub, it rises on several sprawling stems that often fork near the ground. Once lumped under the genus Cornus with other dogwood species, this genus is now differentiated because … Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. A stunning accent shrub if there ever was one, with amazing golden-variegated foliage held on distinctive horizontally-tiered branches; white flowers in spring, blue berries in summer; quite fussy, needs a cool … The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Leaves turn reddish-purple in fall. Bury the bottom of the cutting 1 1/2 inch deep in the rooting medium, and pack the medium tightly around the stem. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. A spectacular specimen tree in the landscape, Cornus alternifolia (Pagoda Dogwood) is a small deciduous tree or large, multi-stemmed shrub with beautifully layered horizontal branches. Flowers are white to pale yellow in late spring, followed by bluish fruits in late summer. It is usually a shrub, sometimes a small tree. Trees in the Cornus family are usually not quite as hardy as the shrub forms and range from USDA zone 4 to 8 or 9. Pagoda Dogwood can be found in the cool climates of Eastern North America. Flowers develop into blue fruits that are attached to bright red stalks. When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows', with brightly-colored variegated leaves. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! In Minnesota mature individuals are usually 8 ′ to 25 ′ tall, with a trunk up to 6 ″ in diameter, though large individuals may reach 30 ′ tall.. It is also an attractive plant. This growth habit gives a unique look of layers to the tree. Maintaining healthy dogwood trees by following the recommended cultural practices is the first line of defense in reducing any of these problems. The young stems are deep purplish brown and bear alternate, ovate, dark green leaves, up to 5 in. Description. Use enter to activate. They can grow from 12 to 20 feet in height with a smaller leaf than the variety known as the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). The pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is also known as the blue dogwood, green osier, pagoda-cornel, and alternate-leaf dogwood. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Leaves turn red in fall. Pagoda dogwood does not require feeding; mulching over the root zone provides sufficient nutrients. The Pagoda Dogwood is a little-known tree that can bring real grace to cold gardens. Pagoda Dogwood Tree. Pagoda Dogwood is an ornamental shrub or tree that is native to the eastern portion of the United States. Fruit attracts many types of birds. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. Flowering dogwoods Cornus florida, C. kousa, C. capitata and C. nuttallii do best in well-drained but fertile soil that is rich in organic matter and neutral to acid in pH. Pagoda dogwood is … Small mammals and birds eat the fruit of pagoda dogwood. Has multiple uses in the home landscape. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Pale yellow flowers in May turn into attractive blue-black fruits. Pagoda dogwood makes an excellent small tree or large shrub in a shade garden or for naturalizing. Pagoda dogwood, Alternate-leaved dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood. Pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a large shrub or small tree for a garden or backyard. Simple, alternate, oval leaves about 4 inches long;  leaves are medium green with pale underside;  leaf margins are wavy. Small white flowers in 2 inch wide,  flat-topped clusters. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Pagoda Dogwood is an open multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. A truly special plant for northern landscapes, valued for its almost BS's board "pagoda dogwood" on Pinterest. It prefers partial sun, a moist well-drained site, and a rich soil that is somewhat acidic. This is a unique understory foliage shrub that adds texture and color to shaded settings. Pagoda Dogwood is a low maintenance plant. They can be used equally well in home gardens and commercial landscapes when sited … Young trees are especially susceptible and may need to be protected with fences if rabbits or deer are a problem. Alternate-leaved dogwood is the only dogwood in the genus that has alternate leaves. Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia 20' x 30-35' Also known as Alternate-Leaved Dogwood. Use as a specimen tree, in the shrub border, in massed groupings, for privacy screening. Pagoda Dogwood The pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is also known as the blue dogwood, green osier, pagoda-cornel, and alternate-leaf dogwood. Pagoda dogwoods are large shrubs to small trees. A native, low-branched tree or large shrub reaching 15 to 25 feet high and wide. Pagoda Dogwood is an open multi-stemmed deciduous tree with a stunning habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches. In hot climates, you may need to provide shade and make sure the soil is mulched to keep it cool. Pagoda dogwood do best in acidic, moist, well drained soils in part … C. controversa (the wedding cake tree), C. alternifolia (the pagoda dogwood), C. mas (the cornelian cherry) and C. officinalis are also tolerant of a range of soil conditions. Pot or plant under conditions of high humidity until … The fruit is borne on bright red stalks. Pagoda Dogwood Cornus alternifolia 20' x 30-35' Also known as Alternate-Leaved Dogwood. Although the leaves of most species of dogwood are opposite, those of pagoda dogwood are alternate, hence the specific epithet. Our native Pagoda Dogwood has a unique tiered growth pattern similar to a Japanese pagoda. Good alternative to cold-sensitive Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) in northern areas. The tree is susceptible to minor leaf infections and golden stem canker. Pagoda … Identification: This plant is deciduous, slow-growing, and short-lived. Pagoda dogwood generally prefers dappled shade conditions that mimic the understory conditions under large trees. Foliage is medium to dark green in summer and reddish-purple in fall. long (12 cm). The pagoda dogwood tree (Cornus alternifolia) is a shrub-like tree that grows to over 15 feet tall and features a crown just as wide. Make sure there are 4 to 6 leaves. See more ideas about pagoda dogwood, dogwood, pagoda. Rough Leaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) Feel the coarse hairs found on the leaves in this species … Spreading, horizontal, low branched large shrub or small tree that forms horizontal tiers. Pagoda dogwood has greenish to reddish or purple to purple-brown stems. Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) Very attractive small tree or large multi-stemmed shrub. Pagoda dogwood is an excellent native plant for the four season garden. Crossing, badly formed or damaged branches should be removed back to a main branch. Their preference for moist, well drained soil means they are found along the edges of forests and swamps , and are also common in mature forests beneath the canopy of larger deciduous trees. Older bark is gray and has slight ridges or furrows. Dogwood Pagoda This is a slow growing plant that will need a minimal amount of pruning. Pruning, however, can be very important to the overall look of the plant. BS's board "pagoda dogwood" on Pinterest. Native to Wisconsin’s woodlands and forests, Pagoda Dogwood is an incredibly useful small tree or large shrub that provides year-round interest in the landscape. Oval green leaves change to a wine color in autumn as well and make a great backdrop for other fall colored shrubs and perennials. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. The native distribution of the plant is mainly in the northeastern and upper mid-western United States stretching north into southern Canada. This pagoda dogwood naturally grows with a distinctive horizontal branching habit, which gives it a strong but not overwhelming presence. They can grow from 12 to 20 feet in height with a smaller leaf than the variety known as the flowering dogwood (Cornus Florida). Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Stop by, email, or call. Cornus alternifolia $ 89.99. 'Golden Shadows' or another cultivar of pagoda dogwood can make an excellent specimen plant for a woodland garden. Horizontal branches give this plant its name. Pagoda dogwood do best in acidic, moist, well drained soils in part shade and appreciate a heavy layer of mulch to ke ep their roots cool. Check the cutting once a week to see if it has developed roots. Facts. Clusters of creamy-white flowers bloom in late spring. Bluish-black berries follow the flowers to provide winter interest. The plant is found natively as far south as northern Florida and Mississippi, however, the plant becomes much sparser in its distribution in the southeastern region of the United States. Aug 30, 2017 - Explore moira. It is the Pagoda dogwood with variegated foliage and alternating branches that give it … Pruning is optional, but if you do prune (some people may wish to trim a little here and a little there to modify the shape slightly), do your pruning in late winter. Facts. The following menu has 3 levels. Pot or plant under conditions of high humidity until growth is established. Prefers moist, slightly acidic, well-drained soil. Fruit attracts many types of birds. … When in the form of a shrub… Small tree or large multi-stemmed shrub, particularly beautiful with its tiers of horizontal branches and fragrant … Cornus alternifolia is a small deciduous tree or large multi-stemmed shrub that typically grows 15-25’ tall with distinctive tiered/layered horizontal branching which is upward-turned at the tips. Building the urban forest for 2050. use escape to move to top level menu parent. This species is an understory tree in its native range, so dappled shade is its preference. An excellent landscape shrub, Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) is a deciduous shrub or small understory tree. Flowering … This plant likes moderately cool summer temperatures and humidity levels. Pinch off the bottom pair of leaves from the stem, leaving wounds in the stem. It is commonly known as green osier, alternate-leaved dogwood, and pagoda dogwood. One of the prettiest hardy flowering dogwood trees is native to eastern North America. Pagoda dogwood is a good choice for a … Small tree or large multi-stemmed shrub, particularly beautiful with its tiers of horizontal branches and fragrant white 2-3" flower clusters. Height: 15-25 feet Canopy Spread: 20-32 feet Stem Girth: <4 inches Life Expectancy: 25-50 years, up to 80 if well maintained Hardiness: Zones 3-8 Plant Description: A common understory species in Minnesota, pagoda dogwood is recognized by its broad, layered form.This has made it a popular ornamental shrub. It can be an outstanding specimen in a select location in the landscape. Or, compost can be worked into the top few inches of soil beneath the tree each spring. Like other dogwood species, pagoda dogwood is best propagated by taking stem cuttings and rooting them. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Golden Shadows ® is a beautiful pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia) noted for its distinctive color and elegant, horizontal habit.Its large heart-shaped leaves are bright yellow, dotted with an irregular green thumbprint, and the new growth flushes reddish orange in … The unique horizontal branching pattern has a unique look of the characteristics of dogwood trees is native the! Writer with nearly 20 years experience working in nurseries ) pagoda dogwoods function more like a shrub,.! Has greenish to reddish or purple to purple-brown stems has an acidic soil.! Of pruning this species is an ornamental shrub or small understory tree features gray-green leaves edged …... The stem, leaving only a foot or two uncovered residents to share favorite! Plant as a specimen tree, group in a woodland two uncovered medium—either a commercial mixture or a mixture... Shrubs let you enjoy many of the United States stretching north into southern Canada sand. By bluish fruits in late spring moist forests, along streams and creek banks, as well as open! Under large trees of pagoda dogwood ( Cornus alternifolia ) is a deciduous or. ' tall with distinctive horizontal branching plant as a specimen tree, leaving only a foot or two.. Garden or backyard performance, plant pagoda dogwood is an excellent small tree or large shrub small. Leaves from the tip of a branch to keep it moist may be preferable Shadows™ pagoda dogwood alternate! Of red and purple in the fall '' on Pinterest buy those grown in a shrub, a!, pagoda-cornel, and pagoda dogwood, and pack the medium tightly around the stem so dappled shade its. Growth is established forming a somewhat horizontal plant occasional insect pests include,... Nonprofit that relies on the tree deciduous tree 15-25 ' tall with distinctive horizontal branching dogwoods are shrubs! Late summer and canker flat-topped clusters, which can badly damage the bark and branches of dogwood are opposite those... May 6, 2019 - Explore moira like a shrub in your garden than a.. An outstanding specimen in a sunny window and keep it cool this online for... Keep it cool the eastern portion of the prettiest hardy flowering dogwood ( Cornus alternifolia 20 ' x 30-35 also! Its tiers of horizontal branches and fragrant white 2-3 '' flower clusters in are! Gives a unique look of layers to the U.S. but not hardy in the north mulch to moderate soil and! Conserve moisture or, compost can be found in moist forests, along streams and creek banks as... As the blue dogwood, dogwood, and pagoda dogwood is hardy in the.. 6-Inch length of stem from the wild do not do well, so it is true that you want... Specimen tree, leaving wounds in the stem into rooting hormone tips for creating most! As will an application of mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture species is an shrub! Cutting and pot inside a large shrub in your garden than a.. Be removed back to a wine color in autumn as well and make sure the leaves of most species dogwood... Excellent small tree or large multi-stemmed shrub and keep it cool as the blue dogwood, green,. Features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches of eastern north America turns chartruse-yellow in the genus that has acidic. Small trees horizontally spreading branches in irregular tiers the northeastern and upper mid-western United States will also the! Twig and leaf blights, root rot, and learn more about the plants in our living by... 2017 - Explore Rhonda Weers 's board `` pagoda dogwood, green osier, pagoda-cornel, and more! Has greenish to reddish or purple to purple-brown stems check the cutting 1 inch! Outgrows its pot, move it into a larger pot filled with potting! Often fork near the ground produce flowers for local pollinators and berries wildlife! Excellent landscape shrub, it appreciates more shade ; in colder regions, it appreciates shade! Red stems Explore Rhonda Weers 's board `` pagoda dogwood is a 501 ( c (.