NCES.3.L.2 - Understand how plants survive in their environments. - Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life. - Infer the age of Earth and relative age of rocks and fossils from index fossils and ordering of rock layers (relative dating and radioactive dating). - Summarize daily weather conditions noting changes that occur from day to day and throughout the year. - Summarize the structure of the earth, including the layers, the mantle and core based on the relative position, composition and density. - Summarize the basic needs of a variety of different plants (including air, water, nutrients, and light) for energy and growth. - Explain how various forces affect the motion of an object. The North Carolina Science Essential Standards maintain the respect for local control of each Local Education Authority (LEA) to design the specific curricular and instructional strategies that best deliver the content to their students. - Summarize the physical properties of Earth materials, including rocks, minerals, soils and water that make them useful in different ways. - Understand the use of fossils and changes in the surface of the earth as evidence of the history of Earth and its changing life forms. - Explain the relationship among visible light, the electromagnetic spectrum, and sight. - Summarize weather conditions using qualitative and quantitative measures to describe: Temperature, Wind direction, Wind speed, Precipitation. - Summarize the life cycle of animals: Birth, Developing into an adult, Reproducing, Aging and death. - Compare the relative position of various objects observed in the classroom and outside using position words such as: in front of, behind, between, on top of, under, above, below and beside. - Explain how the sun's energy impacts the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation and runoff). - Compare Earth's saltwater and freshwater features (including oceans, seas, rivers, lakes, ponds, streams, and glaciers). - Understand the hydrosphere and the impact of humans on local systems and the effects of the hydrosphere on humans. - Classify objects by observable physical properties (including size, color, shape, texture, weight and flexibility). NCES.5.L.3 - Understand why organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism. - Explain the relationship among a healthy diet, exercise, and the general health of the body (emphasis on the relationship between respiration and digestion). NCES.4.L.1 - Understand the effects of environmental changes, adaptations and behaviors that enable animals (including humans) to survive in changing habitats. - Understand the properties of matter and changes that occur when matter interacts in an open and closed container. 3 5 Science Essential Standards: Science, Elementary, Standards : 6 8 Science Essential Standards: Science, Middle, Standards : Assessment Specifications Summary NC Final Exams For Earth And Environmental Science Physical Science Physics And Chemistry: Accountability Services, Testing, NCFE, Science, Released Tests - Explain how crustal plates and ocean basins are formed, move and interact using earthquakes, heat flow and volcanoes to reflect forces within the earth. - Recognize that energy can be transferred from one system to another when two objects push or pull on each other over a distance (work) and electrical circuits require a complete loop through which an electrical current can pass. - Explain the difference between epidemic and pandemic as it relates to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease. 6301 Mail Service Center Raleigh, NC 27699-6301 NCES.6.P.3 - Understand characteristics of energy transfer and interactions of matter and energy. - Compare fossils (including molds, casts, and preserved parts of plants and animals) to one another and to living organisms. NCES.5.P.2 - Understand the interactions of matter and energy and the changes that occur. NORTH CAROLINA ESSENTIAL STANDARDS Earth & Environmental Science Download PDF High School Strand: Earth in the Universe NCES.EEn.1.1 - Explain the Earth's role as a body in space.. NCES.EEn.1.1.1 - Explain the Earth's motion through space, including precession, nutation, the barycenter, and its path about the galaxy. NCES.8.L.5 - Understand the composition of various substances as it relates to their ability to serve as a source of energy and building materials for growth and repair of organisms. - Explain why some organisms are capable of surviving as a single cell while others require many cells that are specialized to survive. to determine individual differences within a particular type of animal. NC Essential Science Standards: Earth & Environmental Science. - Understand how forces (pushes or pulls) affect the motion of an object. Essential Standards: Grade 5 Science Unpacked Content NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers. North Carolina Essential Standards Crosswalk . The Science Essential Standards are categorized into three strands: Earth Science, Life Science and Physical Science. - Summarize the hierarchical organization of multi-cellular organisms from cells to tissues to organs to systems to organisms. ES Physics. - Compare the characteristics of several common ecosystems, including estuaries and salt marshes, oceans, lakes and ponds, forests, and grasslands). ES Biology. - Recognize the tools that scientists use for observing, recording, and predicting weather changes from day to day and during the seasons. NCES.4.P.1 - Explain how various forces affect the motion of an object. ES Earth/Environmental. (conduction, convection or radiation). Grade 5 Science Unpacked Content Current as of March 28, 2011 This document is designed to help North Carolina educators teach the Essential Standards (Standard Course of Study). Essential Standards: Grade 1 Science Unpacked Content - Explain why Earth sustains life while other planets do not based on their properties (including types of surface, atmosphere and gravitational force) and location to the Sun. - Recognize the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical, and magnetic) as the ability to cause motion or create change. - Understand the relationship between sound and vibrating objects. - Summarize the needs of living organisms for energy and growth. NCES.7.E.1 - Understand how the cycling of matter (water and gases) in and out of the atmosphere relates to Earth. NCES.3.L.1 - Understand human body systems and how they are essential for life: protection, movement and support. - Understand characteristics of energy transfer and interactions of matter and energy. - Explain the relationship between the movement of air masses, high and low pressure systems, and frontal boundaries to storms (including thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes) and other weather conditions that may result. - Explain the effects of electromagnetic waves on various materials to include absorption, scattering, and change in temperature. Earth in the Universe 6.E.1 — Understand the earth/moon/sun system, and the properties, structures, and predictable motions of celestial bodies in the Universe. - Explain the importance of a push or pull to changing the motion of an object. - Explain the suitability of materials for use in technological design based on a response to heat (to include conduction, expansion, and contraction) and electrical energy (conductors and insulators). NCES.5.P.3 - Explain how the properties of some materials change as a result of heating and cooling. - Understand the history of Earth and its life forms based on evidence of change recorded in fossil records and landforms. NCES.K.P.1 - Understand the positions and motions of objects and organisms observed in the environment. NCES.K.L.1 - Compare characteristics of animals that make them alike and different from other animals and nonliving things. •Summarize what is new, better, and different about the 2009 NC Science Essential Standards. - Recognize the features and patterns of the earth/moon/sun system as observed from Earth. - Understand the interdependence of plants and animals with their ecosystem. NCES.6.P.1 - Understand the properties of waves and the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound waves. Matter: Properties and Changes. NCES.4.E.1 - Explain the causes of day and night and phases of the moon. - Explain why offspring that result from sexual reproduction (fertilization and meiosis) have greater variation than offspring that result from asexual reproduction (budding and mitosis). NCES.6.E.1 - Understand the earth/moon/sun system, and the properties, structures and predictable motions of celestial bodies in the Universe. - Infer that change is something that happens to many things in the environment based on observations made using one or more of their senses. NCES.6.E.2 - Understand the structure of the earth and how interactions of constructive and destructive forces have resulted in changes in the surface of the Earth over time and the effects of the lithosphere on humans. The current state Information & Technology Essential Standards (ITES) were approved by the NC State Board of Education in 2009, with piloted implementation for schools in 2010. 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